Or so goes the headline for Andrew Druckenbrod’s article in the 8/22/08 edition of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. In the article, Andrew examines the current Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra (PSO) collective bargaining agreement negotiations, the orchestra’s finances, and how well (or not so well) the organization has done keeping up base musician salary compared to its peers. The short answer to Andrew’s headline question is simple: no…
At least that answer is simple if you take other compensation
benchmarks from the same field and apply it to musician base salary
levels. When compared to average increases among all International
Conference of Symphony and Opera Musicians (ICSOM) symphonic orchestra
CEOs, Music Directors (MD), and Concertmasters (CM), average musician
base salary increases are the lowest by anywhere from half a percent to
If you believe the fundamental argument behind compensation
increases for CEOs, MDs, and CMs that in order to attract better
talent, you have to pay competitive wages, then that philosophy should
permeate the entire organization. The alternative is to risk having an
outfit look like a nonprofit purveyor of executive golden parachutes.
The PSO isn’t alone peering over the precipice of moving down a
level in comparative quality, peer groups like St. Louis and Detroit
have flirted with similar issues over the past decade and based on
improvements to musician base compensation, Detroit appears to be
enjoying more success with regard to backing away from the cliff.
Also of note in Andrew’s article
with regard to negotiations is the phrase "…defining [the new music
director’s] scope of decision-making power with the orchestra" which is
code for "can the music director fire whichever players he wants"
and/or "does the music director get a majority vote in the final round
of auditions." Although these are critical issues in any orchestra,
conductors have a wildly varying degree of positions from
head-in-the-sand to manically proactive. Consequently, depending on the
PSOs position (not to mention what his contract already provides) these issues might end up becoming more contentious than those related to salary.
Ultimately, the PSO negotiations are worth watching and here’s
hoping that they’ll find a way to stabilize the critical issues of
musician compensation, minimum number of players, and pension in such a
way as to release them from the frenzied results of past negotiations
(and reopened reopeners).