2018 Orchestra Compensation Reports: Executives

When it comes to executive compensation, the 2015/16 season was one were average figures were skewed by a larger than normal number of CEO vacancies and interim appointments among the higher paying positions. But even then, the average executive compensation increased by just over one percent.

The Information

In order to provide information that is as accurate as possible, info from the 2015/16 season is gathered from the following sources:

  • Executive compensation figures were obtained from their respective orchestra’s IRS Form 990 for the 2015/16 concert season.
  • Total Expenditures were also obtained from each respective orchestra’s IRS Form 990 for the 2015/16 concert season (due to their relationship within a larger performing arts structure, Total Expenditure figures for National Symphony, Atlanta Symphony, and Dayton Philharmonic are not as readily available).

Adaptistration makes no claim to the accuracy of information from documents compiled or reported by external sources. If you have reason to believe any of the information is inaccurate or has changed since reported in any of the above sources and you can provide documentation to such effect, please feel free to use the following form to submit a notice.

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    Did you know? Direct links to most of the orchestra’s financial disclosure documents at guidestar.org are available in the Orchestra Financial Reports.

    What The Numbers Don’t Show

    It is important to remember that the numbers shown do not always convey a complete compensation picture. For example, an executive director may have had a large increase in salary due to a severance or deferred compensation package owed when the position was vacated. Additionally, the documents used to gather figures do not indicate how much of the season an individual received a salary. As such, the cumulative compensation may artificially inflate annual earnings.

    Conversely, reported figures may not reflect bonuses or other incentive payments, therefore underreporting what executives may actually earn. As such, the cumulative compensation executives may differ from what is listed.

    If you’re curious about exactly how much of a difference can exist, the Philadelphia Orchestra bankruptcy proceeding shed a sliver of light onto the river of unspecified compensation executives can garner by way of perks and benefits. Details were reported in an article published on 3/2/2012.

    For additional details about any individual executive’s compensation in any given season, you should review the corresponding IRS Form 990 for any statements, notes, and/or addendums provided by the organization to explain compensation abnormalities.

    2015/16 Season Executive Compensation

    ENSEMBLETotal ExpendituresExecutive CompensationDifferencePercent Change
    Alabama Symphony$6,866,906$184,585$9,4835.42%
    Atlanta SymphonyNANANANA
    Austin Symphony$4,757,485$159,871$6,6634.35%
    Baltimore Symphony$30,598,899$361,132$7,3372.07%
    Boston Symphony$99,336,161$831,728$54,4327.00%
    Buffalo Philharmonic$11,615,607$265,259-$12,158-4.38%
    Charlotte Symphony$9,787,785$177,830-$19,037-9.67%
    Chattanooga Symphony$2,571,753$103,066$6,5966.84%
    Chicago Symphony$79,902,368$615,035NANA
    Cincinnati Symphony$29,840,819$479,620$69,11516.84%
    Cleveland Orchestra$54,312,581NANANA
    Colorado Springs Philharmonic$3,501,087$137,540-$12,847-8.54%
    Colorado Symphony$12,794,124NANANA
    Columbus Symphony$7,958,981NANANA
    Dallas Symphony$37,473,130$500,763-$20,936-4.01%
    Dayton Philharmonic$8,846,429$132,031$2,8222.18%
    Detroit Symphony$33,684,771$446,149$9,1422.09%
    Florida Orchestra$9,860,597$189,984$14,7218.40%
    Fort Wayne Philharmonic$4,485,687$167,255NANA
    Fort Worth Symphony$12,267,951$174,438$7,2434.33%
    Grand Rapids Symphony$10,118,144$162,453$4,7723.03%
    Hartford Symphony$5,002,860NANANA
    Houston Symphony$31,500,391$449,472$83,09622.68%
    Indianapolis Symphony$28,226,853$338,936$8,6962.63%
    Jacksonville Symphony$9,683,021$168,801$58,95653.67%
    Kalamazoo Symphony$3,447,402$145,400$55,04960.93%
    Kansas City Symphony$16,106,817$285,266$22,3448.50%
    Knoxville Symphony$3,914,349$122,594-$3,176-2.53%
    Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra$4,230,509NANANA
    Los Angeles Philharmonic$130,412,242$1,579,971-$134,515-7.85%
    Louisville Orchestra$6,954,784$146,907$1760.12%
    Memphis Symphony$4,163,713$174,501-$12,735-6.80%
    Milwaukee Symphony$17,400,742$280,482$49,63721.50%
    Minnesota Orchestra$33,359,401$373,007-$675,679-64.43%
    Nashville Symphony$27,685,757$350,295$10,8593.20%
    National SymphonyNA$325,784$20,0226.55%
    New Jersey Symphony$12,066,906$131,111-$29,898-18.57%
    New York Philharmonic$76,731,386$728,345$52,3617.75%
    North Carolina Symphony$14,169,439$228,721$7,2673.28%
    Omaha Symphony$7,702,073$186,052$3,3171.82%
    Oregon Symphony$16,493,555$263,778NANA
    Pasadena Symphony$3,682,590$130,000$00.00%
    Pacific Symphony$19,584,420$326,718$25,5698.49%
    Philadelphia Orchestra$50,593,583$802,840$26,6973.44%
    Phoenix Symphony$11,487,302$301,484$3,8771.30%
    Pittsburgh Symphony$37,955,170$284,716NANA
    Portland (ME) Symphony$3,415,711NANANA
    Richmond Symphony$5,530,627$134,227$11,6449.50%
    Rochester Philharmonic$10,649,349$132,934-$15,596-10.50%
    Saint Louis Symphony$28,985,138NANANA
    San Antonio Symphony$7,950,598$166,661$24,35917.12%
    San Diego Symphony$25,014,026$377,477-$51,378-11.98%
    San Francisco Symphony$75,611,648$590,524$47,8868.82%
    Santa Rosa Symphony$3,693,974$179,557-$9,244-4.90%
    Sarasota Orchestra$9,010,757$186,367$9,9265.63%
    Seattle Symphony$28,887,186$470,993$158,66450.80%
    Spokane Symphony$4,687,425NANANA
    St. Paul Chamber Orchestra$10,542,310$286,003$14,8065.46%
    Symphony Silicon Valley$3,290,394$144,056$4710.33%
    Toledo Symphony$5,822,752NANANA
    Tucson Symphony$4,664,514$161,551$69,04574.64%
    Utah Symphony$22,182,864NANANA
    Virginia Symphony$6,100,510$172,433NANA
    West Virginia Symphony$2,665,947NANANA
    Average$20,997,456$311,860

    Top 10 Earners

    1. Los Angeles Philharmonic: $1,579,971
    2. Boston Symphony: $831,728
    3. Philadelphia Orchestra: $802,840
    4. New York Philharmonic: $728,345
    5. Chicago Symphony: $615,035
    6. San Francisco Symphony: $590,524
    7. Dallas Symphony: $500,763
    8. Cincinnati Symphony: $479,620
    9. Seattle Symphony: $470,993
    10. Houston Symphony: $449,472

    Items Of Note

    In addition to the larger than normal number of vacancies at the higher end of the pay scale, 12 out of 65 orchestras in the 2018 review did not have an executive who served a full season or had an interim CEO. That’s the largest number of gaps in a single season since we started tracking the figures in the 1999/00 season.

    In last year’s report we saw one of the largest golden parachutes the field has seen in the form of Minnesota Orchestra paying their outgoing President & CEO, Michael Henson, a whopping $1,048,686 total compensation package.

    That payout included $404,987 paid as “Other Reportable Compensation,” which can be reasonably deduced as part of his overall severance package.

    As it turns out, that was just the beginning.

    According to the Minnesota Orchestra’s 2015/16 filing, the organization paid Henson an additional $546,703. Schedule J, Part II, B.iii. lists $523,483 as “Other Reportable Compensation” plus an additional $22,220 reported in Column D as nontaxable benefits.

    Source: Minnesota Orchestra 2015/16 Season IRS Form 990, Schedule J, Part II

    Apparently, the $404,987 from 2014/15 was just the backup chute.

    About Drew McManus

    "I hear that every time you show up to work with an orchestra, people get fired." Those were the first words out of an executive's mouth after her board chair introduced us. That executive is now a dear colleague and friend but the day that consulting contract began with her orchestra, she was convinced I was a hatchet-man brought in by the board to clean house.

    I understand where the trepidation comes from as a great deal of my consulting and technology provider work for arts organizations involves due diligence, separating fact from fiction, interpreting spin, as well as performance review and oversight. So yes, sometimes that work results in one or two individuals "aggressively embracing career change" but far more often than not, it reinforces and clarifies exactly what works and why.

    In short, it doesn't matter if you know where all the bodies are buried if you can't keep your own clients out of the ground, and I'm fortunate enough to say that for more than 15 years, I've done exactly that for groups of all budget size from Qatar to Kathmandu.

    For fun, I write a daily blog about the orchestra business, provide a platform for arts insiders to speak their mind, keep track of what people in this business get paid, help write a satirical cartoon about orchestra life, hack the arts, and love a good coffee drink.

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