2017 Orchestra Compensation Reports: Executives

When it comes to executive compensation, the 2014/15 season witnessed one key benchmark in the form of the highest ever severance payout to an executive. After filtering out that anomaly, the average executive compensation increased by approximately four percent and you were the only stakeholder group to experience an average increase.

The Information

In order to provide information that is as accurate as possible, info from the 2014/15 season is gathered from the following sources:

  • Executive compensation figures were obtained from their respective orchestra’s IRS Form 990 for the 2014/15 concert season.
  • Total Expenditures were also obtained from each respective orchestra’s IRS Form 990 for the 2014/15 concert season (due to their relationship within a larger performing arts structure, Total Expenditure figures for National Symphony, Atlanta Symphony, and Dayton Philharmonic are estimates).

Adaptistration makes no claim to the accuracy of information from documents compiled or reported by external sources. If you have reason to believe any of the information is inaccurate or has changed since reported in any of the above sources and you can provide documentation to such effect, please feel free to use the following form to submit a notice.

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    Did you know? Direct links to most of the orchestra’s financial disclosure documents at guidestar.org are available in the Orchestra Financial Reports.

    What The Numbers Don’t Show

    It is important to remember that the numbers shown do not always convey a complete compensation picture. For example, an executive director may have had a large increase in salary due to a severance or deferred compensation package owed when the position was vacated. Additionally, the documents used to gather figures do not indicate how much of the season an individual received a salary. As such, the cumulative compensation may artificially inflate annual earnings. Conversely, reported figures may not reflect bonuses or other incentive payments, therefore underreporting what executives may actually earn. As such, the cumulative compensation executives may differ from what is listed.

    If you’re curious about exactly how much of a difference can exist, the Philadelphia Orchestra bankruptcy proceeding shed a sliver of light onto the river of unspecified compensation executives can garner by way of perks and benefits. Details were reported in an article published on 3/2/2012.

    For additional details about any individual executive’s compensation in any given season, you should review the corresponding IRS Form 990 for any statements, notes, and/or addendums provided by the organization to explain compensation abnormalities.

    2014/15 Season Executive Compensation

    ENSEMBLE
    TOTAL EXPENDITURES
    EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
    $ CHANGE
    % CHANGE
    Alabama Symphony$6,467,347$175,102($6,780)-3.73%
    Atlanta Symphony*NA$524,650$79,42717.84%
    Austin Symphony$4,576,189$153,208$4,4763.01%
    Baltimore Symphony$27,374,158$353,795$87,48832.85%
    Boston Symphony$91,321,051$777,296($75,311)-8.83%
    Buffalo Philharmonic$11,477,484$277,417$18,2107.03%
    Charlotte Symphony$9,433,779$196,867($6,252)-3.08%
    Chattanooga Symphony$2,463,875$96,470$3,7504.04%
    Chicago Symphony$79,160,340NANANA
    Cincinnati Symphony$29,674,708$410,505$1,9260.47%
    Cleveland Orchestra$53,164,430$629,303($17,510)-2.71%
    Colorado Springs Philharmonic$3,355,301$150,387$5,5863.86%
    Colorado Symphony$13,010,712NANANA
    Columbus Symphony$7,608,152NANANA
    Dallas Symphony$36,244,884$521,699$128,37832.64%
    Dayton Philharmonic$8,417,967$129,209$14,80912.94%
    Detroit Symphony$32,926,906$437,007$25,6386.23%
    Florida Orchestra$9,915,432$175,263($4,586)-2.55%
    Fort Wayne Philharmonic$4,476,347NANANA
    Fort Worth Symphony$12,055,857$167,195$1070.06%
    Grand Rapids Symphony$9,658,212$157,681$18,51613.31%
    Hartford Symphony$5,330,763NANANA
    Houston Symphony$29,731,886$366,376($32,466)-8.14%
    Indianapolis Symphony$26,519,942$330,240$70,12926.96%
    Jacksonville Symphony$9,927,343$109,845NANA
    Kalamazoo Symphony$3,007,115$90,351NANA
    Kansas City Symphony$15,505,038$262,922$27,77411.81%
    Knoxville Symphony$3,827,950$125,770$17,42516.08%
    Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra$3,920,652$144,518$9,4446.99%
    Los Angeles Philharmonic$120,420,205$1,714,486$127,6668.05%
    Louisville Orchestra$5,914,881$146,731$24,33119.88%
    Memphis Symphony$3,422,872$187,236NANA
    Milwaukee Symphony$16,498,565$230,845$16,2337.56%
    Minnesota Orchestra$32,624,790$1,048,686$621,265145.35%
    Nashville Symphony$25,358,267$339,436($10,044)-2.87%
    National Symphony*NA$305,762$11,7393.99%
    New Jersey Symphony$12,517,433$161,009$47,23441.52%
    New York Philharmonic$76,591,182$675,984$49,4957.90%
    North Carolina Symphony$13,472,075$221,454$1,6960.77%
    Omaha Symphony$7,025,131$182,735$30,14019.75%
    Oregon Symphony$16,014,735NANANA
    Pasadena Symphony$3,691,395$130,000($5,000)-3.70%
    Pacific Symphony$20,042,011$301,149($26,687)-8.14%
    Philadelphia Orchestra$49,826,461$776,143$42,9015.85%
    Phoenix Symphony$11,145,099$297,607$99,92850.55%
    Pittsburgh Symphony$34,558,633NANANA
    Portland (ME) Symphony$3,513,250$106,289$7,7707.89%
    Richmond Symphony$5,127,052$122,583$6,2785.40%
    Rochester Philharmonic$10,354,890$148,530($17,039)-10.29%
    Saint Louis Symphony$27,947,449NANANA
    San Antonio Symphony$8,055,451$142,302NANA
    San Diego Symphony$24,076,477$428,855$39,63310.18%
    San Francisco Symphony$78,866,104$542,638($14,674)-2.63%
    Santa Rosa Symphony$4,093,110$188,801$12,6097.16%
    Sarasota Orchestra$8,637,583$176,441($4,303)-2.38%
    Seattle Symphony$27,365,107$312,329$14,5494.89%
    Spokane Symphony$2,874,695$120,719($174)-0.14%
    St. Paul Chamber Orchestra$10,971,007$271,197$130,65092.96%
    Symphony Silicon Valley$4,108,118$143,585$10,5057.89%
    Toledo Symphony$5,547,373$111,731($16,174)-12.65%
    Tucson Symphony$4,407,192$92,506($28,783)-23.73%
    Utah Symphony$20,335,607$259,909($49,836)-16.09%
    Virginia Symphony$6,683,835NANANA
    West Virginia Symphony$2,943,782NANANA
    Averages$20,251,381$308,347

    * Due to the nature of operating as an entity within a larger 501(c)3, Total Expenditure figures for National Symphony and Atlanta Symphony are not included.

    Top 10 Earners

    1. Los Angeles Philharmonic: $1,714,486
    2. Minnesota Orchestra: $1,048,686
    3. Boston Symphony: $777,296
    4. Philadelphia Orchestra: $776,143
    5. New York Philharmonic: $675,984
    6. Cleveland Orchestra: $629,303
    7. San Francisco Symphony: $542,638
    8. Atlanta Symphony: $524,650
    9. Dallas Symphony: $521,699
    10. Detroit Symphony: $437,007

    2017 Orchestra Compensation Reports: Executives

    Items Of Note

    The one item stands out above all others in the form of the Minnesota Orchestra’s 145.35% increase in executive compensation.

    For the sake of context, the 2014/15 season is when the organization emerged from its season long work stoppage. In what may perhaps be best described as an internal power struggle between then President & CEO, Michael Henson, and returning Music Director, Osmo Vanska, the latter ended up continuing his tenure. Having said that, the 990 makes it clear that he took a large part of the organization’s annual expenditures with him.

    Schedule J, Part II. B.ii. reports $333,818 was paid as “Bonus & Incentive Compensation” while B.iii. reports $404,987 was paid as “Other Reportable Compensation.” This was in addition to his base compensation ($279,649), retirement and other deferred compensation ($10,400), and nontaxable benefits ($19,832). As a result, Henson’s cumulative compensation reached $1,048,686.

    Currently, this is the heaviest golden parachute recorded since the reports began in 2005.

    Minnesota Orchestra Schedule J 2014-15 Season
    Source: Minnesota Orchestra 2014/15 Season IRS Form 990, Schedule J, Part II

    About Drew McManus

    "I hear that every time you show up to work with an orchestra, people get fired." Those were the first words out of an executive's mouth after her board chair introduced us. That executive is now a dear colleague and friend but the day that consulting contract began with her orchestra, she was convinced I was a hatchet-man brought in by the board to clean house.

    I understand where the trepidation comes from as a great deal of my consulting and technology provider work for arts organizations involves due diligence, separating fact from fiction, interpreting spin, as well as performance review and oversight. So yes, sometimes that work results in one or two individuals "aggressively embracing career change" but far more often than not, it reinforces and clarifies exactly what works and why.

    In short, it doesn't matter if you know where all the bodies are buried if you can't keep your own clients out of the ground, and I'm fortunate enough to say that for more than 15 years, I've done exactly that for groups of all budget size from Qatar to Kathmandu.

    For fun, I write a daily blog about the orchestra business, provide a platform for arts insiders to speak their mind, keep track of what people in this business get paid, help write a satirical cartoon about orchestra life, hack the arts, and love a good coffee drink.

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