2018 Orchestra Compensation Reports: The Big Picture

Each year, one of the most popular items in the orchestra compensation reports is a big picture overview of all compensation alongside Total Expenditure figures. If you’ve been looking for something that shows all the report values in a single chart, this is your article.

ENSEMBLETotal ExpendituresExecutive CompensationMusic Director CompensationConcertmaster Compensation
Alabama Symphony$6,866,906$184,585NA$131,803
Atlanta Symphony*NANA$806,552$239,669
Austin Symphony$4,757,485$159,871$169,206NA
Baltimore Symphony$30,598,899$361,132$854,319$322,328
Boston Symphony$99,336,161$831,728$1,301,000$449,527
Buffalo Philharmonic$11,615,607$265,259$376,923NA
Charlotte Symphony$9,787,785$177,830$231,393NA
Chattanooga Symphony$2,571,753$103,066NANA
Chicago Symphony$79,902,368$615,035$3,046,137$539,900
Cincinnati Symphony$29,840,819$479,620$416,008$292,797
Cleveland Orchestra$54,312,581NA$1,406,143$621,510
Colorado Springs Philharmonic$3,501,087$137,540$83,400NA
Colorado Symphony$12,794,124NA$254,140$128,107
Columbus Symphony$7,958,981NA$186,000NA
Dallas Symphony$37,473,130$500,763$3,642,804$293,027
Dayton Philharmonic*$8,846,429$1,320,321$173,253NA
Detroit Symphony$33,684,771$446,149$884,067$204,906
Florida Orchestra$9,860,597$189,984$240,000NA
Fort Wayne Philharmonic$4,485,687$167,255$133,398NA
Fort Worth Symphony$12,267,951$174,438$326,338$134,728
Grand Rapids Symphony$10,118,144$162,453NANA
Hartford Symphony$5,002,860NA$194,579NA
Houston Symphony$31,500,391$449,472$458,659NA
Indianapolis Symphony$28,226,853$338,936$495,747$229,567
Jacksonville Symphony$9,683,021$168,801$170,000NA
Kalamazoo Symphony$3,447,402$145,400$137,568NA
Kansas City Symphony$16,106,817$285,266$483,877$191,522
Knoxville Symphony$3,914,349$122,594NANA
Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra$4,230,509NA$169,950NA
Los Angeles Philharmonic$130,412,242$1,579,971$1,983,314$529,722
Louisville Orchestra$6,954,784$146,907$138,612NA
Memphis Symphony$4,163,713$174,501NANA
Milwaukee Symphony$17,400,742$280,482$368,000$169,707
Minnesota Orchestra$33,359,401$373,007$746,578$253,517
Nashville Symphony$27,685,757$350,295$426,344$185,976
National Symphony*NA$325,784NA$409,148
New Jersey Symphony$12,066,906$131,111$214,900$210,245
New York Philharmonic$76,731,386$728,345$1,793,837NA
North Carolina Symphony$14,169,439$228,721$197,554$136,713
Omaha Symphony$7,702,073$186,052$176,538NA
Oregon Symphony$16,493,555$263,778$392,254$168,200
Pasadena Symphony$3,682,590$130,000NANA
Pacific Symphony$19,584,420$326,718$486,948$171,611
Philadelphia Orchestra$50,593,583$802,840$1,339,333$428,372
Phoenix Symphony$11,487,302$301,484not reportedNA
Pittsburgh Symphony$37,955,170$284,716$918,550NA
Portland (ME) Symphony$3,415,711NA$159,478NA
Richmond Symphony$5,530,627$134,227$113,991NA
Rochester Philharmonic$10,649,349$132,934NANA
Saint Louis Symphony$28,985,138NA$1,041,851$280,647
San Antonio Symphony$7,950,598$166,661$291,249NA
San Diego Symphony$25,014,026$377,477$319,540NA
San Francisco Symphony$75,611,648$590,524$2,600,275$583,990
Santa Rosa Symphony$3,693,974$179,557$116,750NA
Sarasota Orchestra$9,010,757$186,367$146,299NA
Seattle Symphony$28,887,186$470,993$510,370NA
Spokane Symphony$4,687,425NA$135,000NA
St. Paul Chamber Orchestra$10,542,310$286,003NA$221,689
Symphony Silicon Valley$3,290,394$144,056NANA
Toledo Symphony$5,822,752NA$172,713NA
Tucson Symphony$4,664,514$161,551NANA
Utah Symphony$22,182,864NA$483,784$197,576
Virginia Symphony$6,100,510$172,433$159,000NA
West Virginia Symphony$2,665,947NA$140,000NA

Did you know? Direct links to most of the orchestra’s financial disclosure documents at guidestar.org are available in the Orchestra Financial Reports.

17 Year Trends

Although the Orchestra Compensation Reports have been around since 2005 (which covered the 2003/04 season) my 990 archive extends back through the 1999/00 season. Consequently, this overview article is an excellent vehicle for reaching back into those archives usually reserved for consulting work and extracting information to share.

Average Executive Compensation: 1999/00 Season Through 2015/16 Season
Average Music Director Compensation: 1999/00 Season Through 2015/16 Season
Average Concertmaster Compensation: 1999/00 Season Through 2015/16 Season

The Deliberation Continues

When the compensation reports were launched back in 2005, there was a great deal of reader discussion about each stakeholder group’s respective value. Those were paired with questions about why stakeholder groups didn’t share comparatively equal gains and losses across seasons. In the wake of the economic downturn, those discussions began to wane, but the spike in top earners from music director and executive stakeholders have once again sparked that core discussion.

For example, the Dallas Symphony Orchestra’s (DSO) unprecedented payouts to music director Jaap van Zweden are without comparison. The DSO paid more for their music director than orchestras with more than twice the total expenditures.

There are no obvious differences in workload or duties and responsibilities between van Zweden and music directors from larger budget peers; consequently, that extreme imbalance is difficult to justify when the remaining DSO administrative and musician stakeholders have not enjoyed similar increases.

The following chart helps illustrate that imbalance. It shows the $1,228,246 increase in the DSO’s 2015/16 season total expenditures and how much of that went toward the increase in music director compensation and how much was left over for all other activity.

Since its inception, the purpose of the Orchestra Compensation Reports is to help reinforce the value of transparency and inspire patrons to create a stronger connection with their local orchestra and how it functions.

To that end, it has been wonderful watching discussions across social media and other media outlets unfold. Yes, there’s always going to be an element of salaciousness but that quickly melts away into more meaningful discussions surrounding the systems used to determine whether the field is rewarding effort or achievement.

Interested In Doing Your Own Analysis But Don’t Have The Data?

Then you’re in luck because I’ve been making my private stash of orchestra 990s available for purchase at the Adaptistration Store.

As of the time this article was published, you can purchase everything back through the 2005/06 season, but it will eventually go all the way back to the 1999/00 season!

Each season’s worth of 990s cost $25 for instant download and multiple season buys come with bulk discounts:

  • purchase 2-5: five percent discount
  • purchase 6-10: 10 percent discount
  • purchase 11-15: 15 percent discount
  • purchase 20+: 20 percent discount


  • They are grouped by season.
  • The default random alpha-numeric filenames have been changed to the orchestra name (because opening a bunch of files to find the one you need is for chumps).
  • The files have been processed through Adobe Acrobat’s optical character recognition (OCR) scan. This will make the files keyword searchable (a huge time saver!).
  • Each season comes with a corresponding notes document pointing out any need-to-know items. For example, when an orchestra changes its fiscal year it is common to find two IRS filings, one that covers time through the end of the previous fiscal year and one to cover the extra time through the end of the new fiscal year.
  • You’ll be able to download the file immediately after completing your purchase and the password to unzip the file will be included as a separate pdf file download.

Get Your Research On And Build Your Own 990 Archive

About Drew McManus

"I hear that every time you show up to work with an orchestra, people get fired." Those were the first words out of an executive's mouth after her board chair introduced us. That executive is now a dear colleague and friend but the day that consulting contract began with her orchestra, she was convinced I was a hatchet-man brought in by the board to clean house.

I understand where the trepidation comes from as a great deal of my consulting and technology provider work for arts organizations involves due diligence, separating fact from fiction, interpreting spin, as well as performance review and oversight. So yes, sometimes that work results in one or two individuals "aggressively embracing career change" but far more often than not, it reinforces and clarifies exactly what works and why.

In short, it doesn't matter if you know where all the bodies are buried if you can't keep your own clients out of the ground, and I'm fortunate enough to say that for more than 15 years, I've done exactly that for groups of all budget size from Qatar to Kathmandu.

For fun, I write a daily blog about the orchestra business, provide a platform for arts insiders to speak their mind, keep track of what people in this business get paid, help write a satirical cartoon about orchestra life, hack the arts, and love a good coffee drink.

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